2 Knights Concussion Policy

Our Perspective: 2 Knights Lacrosse is very serious about age appropriate play and protecting our players from all injuries, but in particular we are attentive to the very real dangers and consequences of TBI or Traumatic Brain Injury, what we commonly call “concussions.”

A Definition: A concussion is a brain injury. Concussions are caused by a bump, blow or jolt to the head, or even a blow to another part of the body with the force transmitted to the head. Even what appears to be a mild bump or blow to the head can be serious. Concussions range from mild to severe and no loss of consciousness is required to sustain a concussion. You cannot see a concussion – it is NOT a bruise to the brain and therefore is typically not an injury which appears on CAT scans or MRI’s. The signs and symptoms of a concussion may appear right after an injury, or may take several hours or even days to fully appear. For this reason, the cooperation and understanding of a player’s parents and or/guardians is critical.

If you child/player reports any symptoms of concussion, or if you notice the symptoms or signs of concussion yourself, seek medical attention right away.

Symptoms may include one or more of the following: 1. Headache 2. Nausea/vomiting 3. Balance problems or dizziness 4. Double vision or changes in vision 5. Sensitivity to light or sound/noise 6. Feeling of sluggishness or fogginess 7. Difficulty with concentration, short-term memory, and/or confusion 8. Irritability or agitation 9. Depression or anxiety 10. Sleep disturbance

Signs observed by teammates, parents, and coaches include: 1. Appears dazed, stunned or disoriented 2. Forgets plays of demonstrates short-term memory difficulties(e.g. is unsure of the game, score, or opponent) 3. Exhibits difficulties with balance or coordination 4. Answers questions slowly or inaccurately 5. Loses consciousness 6. Demonstrates behavior or personality changes 7. Is unable to recall events prior to or after the hit

Our Guide: US Lacrosse, the national governing body for youth lacrosse in the country, is leading the way to ensuring concussion awareness and prevention in youth lacrosse, and has partnered with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The CDC, in conjunction with numerous leading experts in the medical and sports field, has compiled concussion related resources to assist youth sports’ programs, parents and players. 2 Knights Lacrosse strongly recommends that ALL parents/guardians, along with their sons, familiarize themselves with this information, which can be found on the CDC website (links provided below).

Our Commitment: 2 Knights Lacrosse is committed to educating its coaches, parents and players about the seriousness of concussions. All of our coaches are provided information on preventing, recognizing, and responding to a concussion.

If A Concussion Occurs: Recognizing the signs of a concussion and the proper treatment of a concussion requires the cooperation of the parents, the player, the family’s medical provider and the coach to ensure that the best information and decisions are made for that player’s safety. The 2 Knights Lacrosse policy for any player that is believed to have sustained a concussion, no matter how severe, is for the coach to remove that player from participation and seek medical attention: When in doubt, sit the player out.

No player may return to game play or practice on the same day of a sustained concussion. Any player suspected of having a concussion should be evaluated by an appropriate licensed health care professional that day.

No player who the coaches believe has sustained a concussion – whether by exhibiting signs of a concussion or having sustained a blow to the head – will return to the field for practice or a game without the express written medical authorization/permission from the child’s appropriate licensed health care provider, stating specifically that the child is cleared to participate in youth sports and in particular, lacrosse.

After a player has been cleared by an appropriate licensed health care provider and written permission/authorization has been provided to the coach, the player should be gradually returned to play. The Coach shall monitor the player to see if he/she remains symptom free through non-contact drills, such as conditioning and running drills, then onto non-contact drills such as line drills, shooting drills, and passing drills. If symptoms arise during a day of activity, activity should be stopped immediately and the player should return to rest and a gradual reintroduction of activity may begin the following day.

No player who returns from a concussion, after proper written authorization has been provided to the Coach, shall participate in a GAME until that player has participated in a minimum of TWO (2) practices.

Appropriate licensed health care provider means a physician, physician assistant, osteopath or athletic trainer licensed by the New Jersey Board of Medicine; a neuropsychologist licensed by the Board of Psychology; or a nurse practitioner licensed by the New Jersey State Board of Nursing.

Return to play means participate in a non-medically supervised practice or athletic competition.

Adopted February 2015

To assist in the effort to protect our players’ most important asset – their brains – we ask all parents to spend the time to review the CDC website, and the “Heads’ Up: Concussion in Youth Sports” tool kit, by following the links below:

HEADS Up to Youth Sports: Click Here

CDC Heads Up Printable Coaches Fact Sheet: Click Here

CDC Heads Up Printable Players Fact Sheet: Click Here

CDC Heads Up Parents Fact Sheet: Click Here

US Lacrosse Website: Click Here